Australia is quietly remembering a series of events that the country hopes never to repeat.
It’s 75 years since the Australian mainland, airspace, offshore islands and coastal shipping were attacked at least 97 times during World War II.
I know it’s not the most cheerful subject for a travel reviewer to tackle. But we’ve had a few requests, including one which pointed out that if you don’t learn from history, then you risk repeating it.
So here goes, (with apologies to military historians) ……
Between February 1942 and November the following year, Australia and its shipping was the target of bombs, shells, torpedoes and bullets from Japanese aircraft and submarines.
Aircraft flew 64 raids on the city of Darwin alone – and 33 attacks on other Northern Australian targets, including the towns of Broome, Townsville and Port Hedland.
In all, it’s said that the air attacks killed about 900 people; destroyed civilian and military facilities; and cost 77 aircraft and several ships.
In one incident, a Douglas DC-3 airliner operated by KNILM (KLM) and carrying eight passengers was shot down over Western Australia.
The plane, which was headed for Broome, crash landed on a beach at Carnot Bay, but was subsequently strafed and then bombed the following day.
Four passengers died.
The fate of part of the plane’s cargo – a package of extremely valuable diamonds – has become somewhat of an Australian mystery.
I remember my late father’s explanation that the diamonds – destined for Australia’s Commonwealth Bank – were “nicked by fortune hunters who swarmed over the wreckage”. But who knows?
During the air campaign over Northern Australia, the Japanese lost about 131 aircraft.
It’s also 75 years since Japanese submarines attacked Sydney harbour and the city of Newcastle, on Australia’s east coast, as part of a wider blitz of shipping in Australian waters.
Two midget submarines penetrated Sydney harbour defences and sank the depot ship, HMAS Kuttabul, killing 21 seamen.
On the night of June 8, 1942, a submarine bombarded the eastern suburbs of Sydney and another fired shells into the coastal industrial city of Newcastle.
The guns at Newcastle’s Fort Scratchley returned fire.